conducting a realist review
This step involves: 1) extracting relevant information from included documents (e.g., guidelines, systematic reviews and single studies ); 2) summarizing the overall results from included documents; and 3) formalizing conclusions. In addition, this systematic review investigated the effects of health coaching on pain intensity, physical function, and quality of life. It was not possible to perform a meta-analysis due to heterogeneity between included trials. to investigate the relationship of overweight nutritional status with sleep quality in adolescents aged 16–18 years old in South Jakarta.Method: This cross-sectional design study was done in two public senior high schools in the South Jakarta. A realist review is a type of systematic review used for synthesizing research on health and social interventions in which it is unclear how an intervention produces intended outcomes or not. A tightly focused research question allows the parameters of the review to be identified and the study selection criteria to be defined in advance, and in turn limits the amount of evidence required to address the review question. Mann-Whitney test found that the p value for the mean difference of the questionnaire's total score to excess weight is 0.783.Conclusion: There was no correlation between the quality of sleep to excess weight in adolescents aged 16–18 years old in South Jakarta. However, the application of this interviewing strategy within the realist evaluation studies is underutilized. Results: A total of 20 participants have enrolled and completed a qualitative interview after reviewing one or more intervention components. Objective A realist synthesis was undertaken … Systematic reviews are a type of review that uses repeatable analytical methods to collect secondary data and analyse it. SDT constructs of intrinsic motivation, self-efficacy, and the quality of the patient-provider relationship (ie, relatedness) are hypothesized mediators. There is very low quality of evidence that brief motivational interviewing is more effective than educational monthly diaries to reduce opioid use. A rapid review speeds up the systematic review process by omitting stages of the systematic review making it less rigorous. However, it is acknowledged that realist searches are likely to be iterative and responsive to emergent data. International Registered Report Identifier (IRRID): DERR1-10.2196/20191. The findings are discussed in line with the SDT. Please choose from an option shown below. Mutschler, C., Naccarato, E., Rouse, J., Davey, C., & McShane, K. (2018). The ‘realist interviewing technique’, whereby interviewees comment on a suggested ‘program theory’ to provide refinement, is proposed as a distinctive approach for conducting interviews in a realist-informed inquiry. Four electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and PsychINFO) were searched, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. A case that exemplifies the value of realist synthesis is the author's prior work with a team conducting a realist review of community-based participatory research (CBPR) (19, 20, 21, 28). Secondary outcomes include diabetes management and diabetes clinic attendance. There is limited, low quality evidence to conclude brief motivational interviewing reduces opioid usage in opioid-dependent patients. Systematic reviews are a type of evidence synthesis which formulate research questions that are broad or narrow in scope, and identify and synthesize data that directly relate to the systematic review question. This strategy is successful where the phenomenon of interest, the populations, interventions, and outcomes are all well specified – i.e. In Doing Realist Research, Nick Emmel, Joanne Greenhalgh, Anna Manzano, Mark Monaghan and Sonia Dalkin draw on the expertise of key specialists who push the boundaries of traditional research approaches to advocate for a more thoughtful and critical … The review identifies outcomes, which are the identified changes the intervention aims to achieve (positive or negative); mechanisms, which are the psychological or behavioral changes that that lead to outcomes; and the contextual factors (e.g., setting or clinician characteristics) that allow for mechanisms to be produced. Background and Objectives: Overweight nutritional status in adolescents becomes a health problem that continues to require attention. Text message reminders to complete diabetes care tasks may increase self-efficacy for diabetes self-management. Assure that the Government personnel supporting the analysis are aware of their responsibility to safeguard sensitive contractor information. A realist review is a type of systematic review used for synthesizing research on health and social interventions in which it is unclear how an intervention produces intended outcomes or not. A realist review is a type of systematic review used for synthesizing research on health and social interventions in which it is unclear how an intervention produces intended outcomes or not. The present case study describes the process in which the realist review was performed including the systematic search, data extraction, and theory formation. We will use the mixed-effects linear model for the analysis of variance of a factorial design to analyze continuous longitudinal experimental data; the generalized linear model will be used with categorical outcomes (eg, treatment attendance). Methods: A question prompt list (QPL) is a tool to empower patients to assume a more active role during medical visits by asking questions and stating concerns. However, there is a lack of understanding as to how motivational interviewing works, who it works best for, and under what circumstances it works best. Researchers and practitioners have not decided on a single definition of HNHC patients, those high-need patients for whom high costs are potentially preventable or modifiable. All rights reserved. Objective A realist synthesis was undertaken to develop a theory of what works, for whom, why and under which circumstances when pharmacists conduct medication reviews in primary care for people leaving hospital. In that review, coinvestigators conducted a realist synthesis in response to a prior systematic review of CBPR . To answer these questions, a realist review was performed using self-determination theory as the candidate theory to be tested, as it is the leading theory of explaining the efficacy of motivational interviewing. These building blocks create context–mechanism–outcome configurations that make up the realist theory. Conducting a Realist Review on the Use of Motivational Interviewing for Adolescent Health Behaviors, Realist-informed review of motivational interviewing for adolescent health behaviors, Political Science and International Relations, CCPA – Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Results: We conducted a realist scoping review in which we searched Cochrane, Medline, PsycNET, Google Advanced Search, National Health Service (NHS) Evidence and NHS Health Scotland from inception until August 2020. Book Review: Doing Realist Research edited by Nick Emmel, Joanne Greenhalgh, Anna Manzano, Mark Monaghan and Sonia Dalkin. role of parental psychological control and parental autonomy with need satisfaction and need frustration in the understanding of technological addictions (Internet addiction, gaming addiction, smartphone addiction, and social network addiction) in adolescents. Self-determination theory (SDT) suggests that interventions leveraging emerging adults’ innate developmental, Purpose: Not only because of its rapidly increasing prevalence, but also its various adverse effects on adolescent health, especially on the quality of sleep. After refining these intervention components for emerging adults, we will conduct a component selection experiment using an eight-arm full factorial design: 2 (QPL yes or no)×2 (MES yes or no)×2 (Text yes or no). Conclusions: At the end of this experiment, we will have empirical evidence to support a large-scale, multisite effectiveness trial of an intervention package that has been optimized for older adolescents and emerging adults with poorly controlled T1D. Deviations from our protocol in conducting our realist review. Realist evaluation is a form of theory-driven evaluation, but is set apart by its explicit philosophical underpinnings. This case study describes the process of conducting a specific type of systematic review and synthesis called realist review. 2. The present case study describes the process in which the realist review was performed including the systematic search, data extraction, and theory formation. Login or create a profile so that you can create alerts and save clips, playlists, and searches. Analysis of interview data are underway, with a report of these results anticipated in the fall of 2020. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication. A total of 186 students from classes of 2015, 2016, and 2017 with age between 16-18 years old underwent weight and height measurements, determination of BMI and nutritional status using the CDC BMI-for-age chart, as well as filling the Cleveland Adolescent Sleepiness Questionnaire to assess the quality of sleep.Results: The prevalence of overweight was found by 20.43% (14.52% categorized as overweight, 5.91% categorized as obese) with a median value of the questionnaire 40.00 (23.00 to 58.00). (AHRQ) The methods of conducting rapid reviews varies widely, and are typically done in less than 5 weeks. There is conflicting and very low quality of evidence that brief motivational interviewing may or may not be more effective than education to reduce opioid usage. The motivation enhancement system (MES) is a brief counseling intervention that uses motivational interviewing communication strategies to build intrinsic motivation and self-efficacy for self-management. need for autonomy may offer a route to improving diabetes outcomes by increasing feelings of responsibility for and control over diabetes self-management activities. Review teams often conduct a single "big bang" multipurpose search to fulfill multiple functions within the review. Furthermore, indirect effects from psychological control to all technological addictions through need frustration were also found. For this reason, in accordance with Self-determination Theory (SDT), the aim of this study was to examine the integrated, Background: Poor diabetes self-management in emerging adulthood (age 18-25 years) is associated with poorer diabetes health and diabetes complications. As an illustration, ‘ethics’ is not listed as a term in the index of the second edition of ‘An Introduction to Systematic Reviews’ (Gough et al. The primary outcome is metabolic control, which will be measured via HbA1c. These building blocks create context–mechanism–outcome configurations that make up the realist theory. Principles for Conducting Critical Realist Case Study Research in Information Systems Donald E. Wynn University of Dayton, firstname.lastname@example.org ... followed by a review of the epistemological tenets of critical realism and how these are derived from and intertwined with its ontological assump- We undertook a rapid realist review (RRR) to examine why M&E efforts undertaken by local health departments do … Background Medication reviews for people transitioning from one healthcare setting to another potentially improve health outcomes, although evidence for outcome benefits varies. Thus, we reported our results in terms of motivational interviewing. Methods: The review is registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) databased as CRD42019136201. Within a review context it refers to a combination of review approaches for example combining quantitative with qualitative research or outcome with process studies. ‘Rapid Realist Review’ methodology (RRR) has been developed as a tool for applying a realist approach to a knowledge synthesis process in order to produce a product that is useful to policy makers in responding to time-sensitive and/or emerging issues, while preserving the core elements of realist methodology. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Emerging adults’ focus on individuation and independence underlies their poor diabetes outcomes, offering a lever for behavior change. Future research should focus on the impact of high theoretical health coaching interventions on opioid usage. Systematic Reviews, 7(1), 109. Using a sample of 482 adolescents (200 males) with an age range between 14 and 17, path analyses showed that both parental psychological control and need frustration predicted all the technological addictions examined. The review will be conducted following Pawson’s five practical steps for conducting a realist review . To answer these questions, a realist review was performed using self-determination theory as the candidate theory to be tested, as it is the leading theory of explaining the efficacy of motivational interviewing. Conclusion: The clinical trial will be launched in the fall 2020, with participants enrolled through May 2023 and data collection continuing through November 2023. For the present review, motivational interviewing for adolescent health behavior change is the chosen intervention of study. This study aimed, Although technological addictions, similar to other behavioural addictions, share psychosocial risk factors with substance-related addictions, the studies on the interplay between contextual and personal variables in the prediction of technological addictions are still limited. Rapid Realist Review goes one step further than Landscape Scans to analyze patterns of relationships among contexts, mechanisms and outcomes. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. undertook a realist review to supplement a Cochrane review of school feeding programmes. Conventional systematic review methodology [12, 13] emphasises the need for review questions to be precisely formulated. Mixed studies review/mixed methods review Refers to any combination of methods where one significant component is a literature review (usually systematic). These steps include: 1) clarifying the scope of the review; (2) determining the search strategy; (3) ensuring proper article selection and study quality assessment; (4) extracting and organising data and (5) synthesising the evidence and drawing conclusions through a process of reasoning [ 16 , … We considered trials if they included any of the four defined key constructs of health coaching adopted in this review: motivational interviewing, positive psychology, the transtheoretical model, and self-determination theory Independent reviewers screened and selected studies, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias using Revised Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for randomized trials (RoB2) and quality of evidence using Grading, Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE). Ch 8 - Conducting Cost Realism Analyses ... efficient and effective review. Many recent studies also analyze and suggest more efficient and reliable ways to assess the quality of quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods studies.
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